As a follow-up on my preceding post, let me share with you the safest ways to keep your bauble beautiful and shiny. I only tackled metals on my last post, so here’s the complete guide.
Diamonds – soak them in a solution of two parts warm water and one part ammonia for several minutes, then scrub them to loosen any embedded dirt. Rinse and pat dry. Diamonds are hard and they are prone to scratches or they can crack if knocked together in a box so they have to be stored individually.
Emerald – dip in room temperature water and brush gently; let dry. Do not use warm or soapy water because most emeralds have fine cracks on and under the surface that are filled with oil or resin during the finishing process. This fillers can be removed and make the fissures noticeable, if warm or soapy water is used. It is imperative to have this gem re-oiled by a professional every few years.
Opal – a soft, soapy cloth is enough, then rinse. They are prone to chipping thus, extra care when handling and storing them is in order. It is best to stash them in a jewelry box that is opened frequently reason being that opals need to absorb moisture from the air to prevent cracking.
Turquoise – all you need is a soft dry cloth. The porous stone could absorb the fluid/cleanser and they can discolor. To maintain the color they need frequent cleaning.
Pearl – whether real, cultured or faux, pearls are very fragile and they can lose their luster quickly. Wipe pearls with soft, moist cloth after each wearing. To thoroughly clean pearls, dip a brush in a mix of mild soap and warm water, then work it around the pearls. Wipe with a wet cloth. If it’s a strand of pearls that you’re cleaning, lay the strand flat to prevent the string from stretching. It is wise to have your pearls examined by a jeweler every two years to assess if they need re-stringing.
Sapphire, Ruby, Tanzanite, Peridot, Amethyst – immerse each separately (to avoid scratching) in a mixture of warm water and mild softener free dishwashing liquid. Scrub gently, rinse and dry.